Overriding NServiceBus Configuration

I needed to override the default NServiceBus configuration (app.config/web.config). This turns out to be really easy with the 2.0 NServiceBus release.

First, when setting up the Bus I needed to call CustomConfigurationSource(myCustomSource) like this:

var unicastBusConfig = configure.CastleWindsorBuilder(container) 

Second, I needed to implement IConfigurationSource on my myCustomSource class. This default implementation takes the passed in type and creates the configuration section handler of that type. To override a specific configuration section you can create an instance of that type, set it’s properties and return it. Otherwise, create and return the class without overriding any values.

There are four types of configuration sections used in NServiceBus currently, MsmqSubscriptionStorageConfig, DBSubscriptionStorageConfig, MsmqTransportConfig, and UnicastBusConfig.

public T GetConfiguration() where T : class
    if (typeof(T) == typeof(MsmqSubscriptionStorageConfig))
        return ConfigurationManager.GetSection(typeof(T).Name) as T;
    if (typeof(T) == typeof(DBSubscriptionStorageConfig))
        return ConfigurationManager.GetSection(typeof(T).Name) as T;
    if (typeof(T) == typeof(MsmqTransportConfig))
        return MsmqTransportConfiguration() as T;
    if (typeof(T) == typeof(UnicastBusConfig))
        return UnicastBusConfiguration() as T;
    return null;

Finally, the MsmqTransportConfiguration method creates a instance of MsmqTransportConfig and sets it’s values. In this case to fields that are passed in to the constructor, but it could be some other strategy or custom settings class.

private MsmqTransportConfig MsmqTransportConfiguration()
    return new MsmqTransportConfig
                   ErrorQueue = errorQueue, 
                   InputQueue = inputQueue,
                   MaxRetries = maxRetries, 
                   NumberOfWorkerThreads = numberOfWorkerThreads

Setting the Powershell Console’s Title to the Current SVN URL

I’m testing out branching per feature, as such I wanted a way to know where my working directory was pointing. Since I’m using power shell I added some functions to my profile script to set the window title to the svn url. This doesn’t auto update w/ an svn switch, but set-svntitle can be called manually.

Anyway, here’s the script.

$projects = "C:\data\working"
function set-title{Param([string] $title); $Host.Ui.RawUi.WindowTitle = $title}

function set-svntitle
  $currentsvn = svn info $projects | select-string "URL: "
  set-title $currentsvn 


NServiceBus Distributor Overview


The client sends messages to the distributors input queue on a remote machine. The server (or receiver) contacts the distributor asking for messages. As messages are sent to the distributor, it looks up the message endpoint in its configuration and sends the message to one of the servers waiting for work. It won’t send more to that server until it calls back to the distributor asking for more work. This stops those servers from ending up with a ton of unprocessed messages. Ayende has a good review of the Distributor here. The Colour Coding blog and this post on the Mailing list have more information about getting the samples working.


The client configures the Message to go to the distributor data bus. This will be a remote queue in a distributed system.

      <add Messages="Messages" Endpoint="distributordatabus@xxxxxx0032" />


The server configures the Distributor control and data addresses on the UnicastBusConfig.



This distributor using the distributor control bus for it’s input. Thd distributor data bus in setup in the appSettings along with the distributor storage queue. The UnicastBusConfig need to have the message objects it will receive with the input queue of the server, messagebus in this case. This value should not be a remote value as the server will contact the distributor asking for work. It’s important for the DistributorControlAddress and DistributorDataAddress to be empty otherwise the Distributor will be in an endless loop sending stuff to itself. It would seem that the distributor would know which workers can handle which messages, but it seems like that is not the case. In other words, if you want the server to be a client in some cases with the client being the server in those cases, you need to setup another distributor. It helps to think of the Distributor as the Distributor for a specific service. Like the Business Process 1 Distributor.

  <UnicastBusConfig DistributorControlAddress="" DistributorDataAddress="">
      <add Messages="Messages" Endpoint="messagebus" />
    <add key="DataInputQueue" value="distributorDataBus"/>
    <add key="NumberOfWorkerThreads" value="1"/>
    <add key="ErrorQueue" value="error"/>
    <add key="StorageQueue" value="distributorStorage"/>
    <add key="NameSpace" value="http://www.UdiDahan.com"/> <!&mdash; relevant for a Serialization of "interfaces" or "xml" &mdash;>
    <add key="Serialization" value="xml"/> <!&mdash; can be either "xml", or "binary" &mdash;>

N2cms Navigation Options on a MVC Site

Add the n2 SlidingCurtain control with a DragDropControlPanel control inside it after the opening body tag. This will link to the editing system of n2cms.

<n2:SlidingCurtain ID="SlidingCurtain1" runat="server">
    <n2:DragDropControlPanel ID="DragDropControlPanel1" runat="server" />

Now there are a bunch of N2 functions that can be used to interface with the navigation system.

To setup the menu the following can be used, the first list item shows a link to the home page. The second list item shows the sub pages.

<ul id="menu">
    <li><a href="<%= N2.Find.StartPage.Url %>">Home</a></li>
    <%= N2.Web.Tree.From(N2.Find.StartPage, 2).Filters(new N2.Collections.NavigationFilter()).ExcludeRoot(true)%>

Next to setup the sub navigation something like this could be used.

<div class="leftColumn" style="border:solid 1px black">
    <h2><%= N2.Utility.Evaluate(N2.Find.AtLevel(N2.Find.CurrentPage, N2.Find.StartPage, 2), "Title") %></h2>
        <%= N2.Web.Tree.Between(N2.Find.CurrentPage, N2.Find.StartPage, true, 2).Filters(new N2.Collections.NavigationFilter()).ExcludeRoot(true) %>

Bread crumbs can be setup using.

<% foreach(N2.ContentItem item in N2.Find.EnumerateBetween(N2.Find.StartPage, N2.Find.CurrentPage, false)) { %>
    <%= N2.Web.Link.To(item) %> /
<% } %>
<%= N2.Utility.Evaluate(N2.Find.CurrentPage, "Title") %>

Lastly, you can update the page title using something similar to what’s been used above.

<title><%= N2.Utility.Evaluate(N2.Find.CurrentPage, "Title") %><asp:ContentPlaceHolder ID="TitleContent" runat="server" /></title>

Setup N2Cms to Use the Asp.Net Providers for Authentication and Authorization


Continued from Setup N2Cms on an Asp.Net MVC

Setup the data

Add the asp.net sql tables by executing aspnet_regsql.exe

aspnet_regsql.exe -C "data source=.\SQLEXPRESS;Integrated Security=SSPI ;User Instance=true" -A all -d c:\projects\red27\app_data\red27.mdf


Next add the Administrators and Editors roles to the db using the aspnet_Roles_CreateRole stored procedure.

aspnet_Roles_CreateRole &lsquo;/&rsquo;, &lsquo;Administrators&rsquo; <br />aspnet_Roles_CreateRole &lsquo;/&rsquo;, &lsquo;Editors&rsquo;

Next update the web config roleManager to be enabled and remove all but the AspNetSqlRoleProvider provider.


<roleManager enabled="true">
    <clear />
    <add connectionStringName="N2CMS" applicationName="/" name="AspNetSqlRoleProvider" type="System.Web.Security.SqlRoleProvider, System.Web, Version=, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b03f5f7f11d50a3a" />

Create the admin account

Now create a new user by going to the /Account/Register page. Then log off.

Log in to the /edit section of the site using the credentials found in the forms authentication section.

<authentication mode="Forms">
  <forms loginUrl="edit/login.aspx" protection="All" timeout="30000" path="/">
    <credentials passwordFormat="Clear">
      <user name="admin" password="changeme"/>

Click on Manage Users and then edit your newly created account, adding it to the Administrators and Editors roles. Log off and back on with your new account.

Clean Up

Now remove the credentials section from the forms authentication section.

<authentication mode="Forms">
  <forms loginUrl="edit/login.aspx" protection="All" timeout="30000" path="/"/>

Open the web.config in the Edit directory and remove the users attribute from the authorization section.

  <allow roles="Administrators,Editors"/>
  <deny users="*"/>

Setup N2Cms on an Asp.Net MVC

The following are my notes on setting up a n2cms site starting with a default MVC project and copying in the needed stuff from the Example_Mvc sample from the n2cms site.

Starting with a new MVC site. Reference the dll’s in the \Example_Mvc\Mvc\wwwroot\Bin folder. I copied them to an externals folder under my solution and referenced them there.


  1. Add IEngine parameter to the RegisterRoutes method.

  2. Add a new ContentRoute to the RouteCollection.

  3. Add an ignore for .ashx routes.

  4. Initialize the N2 engine and pass to the RegisterRoutes in the Application_Start()

  5. Override Init and attach this to the EventRroker instance.


    public class MvcApplication : System.Web.HttpApplication


        public static void RegisterRoutes(RouteCollection routes, IEngine engine)





            // This route detects content item paths and executes their controller

            routes.Add(new ContentRoute(engine));



                "Default",                                              // Route name

                "{controller}/{action}/{id}",                           // URL with parameters

                new { controller = "Home", action = "Index", id = ""// Parameter defaults





        protected void Application_Start()


            // normally the engine is initialized by the initializer module but it can also be initialized this programmatically

            // since we attach programmatically we need to associate the event broker with a http application

            IEngine engine = N2.Context.Initialize(false);


            RegisterRoutes(RouteTable.Routes, engine);



        public override void Init()








Add the n2 config sections.


    <sectionGroup name="n2" type="N2.Configuration.SectionGroup, N2">

      <section name="host" type="N2.Configuration.HostSection, N2" requirePermission="false"/>

      <section name="engine" type="N2.Configuration.EngineSection, N2" requirePermission="false"/>

      <section name="database" type="N2.Configuration.DatabaseSection, N2" requirePermission="false"/>

      <section name="edit" type="N2.Configuration.EditSection, N2" requirePermission="false"/>



Change the connection string name to N2CMS

Add the n2 section.


    <!— If you install a database from scrach you’ll need to insert some required pages. This can be done by the web based installer located at http://yoursite/install/edit —>

    <host rootID="1" startPageID="1">

      <web extension="" rewrite="None">

        <urls enableCaching="false"/>





        <!— These are only needed for medium trust






    <!— Other flavours: SqlServer2005, SqlServer2000, MySql, SqLite —>

    <database connectionStringName="N2CMS" flavour="SqlServer2005"/>


      <installer checkInstallationStatus="true"/>




Add expressionBuilders to the system.web compilation section.



        <add expressionPrefix="CurrentItem" type="N2.Web.Compilation.CurrentItemExpressionBuilder, N2"/>

        <add expressionPrefix="CurrentPage" type="N2.Web.Compilation.CurrentPageExpressionBuilder, N2"/>

        <add expressionPrefix="Code" type="N2.Web.Compilation.CodeExpressionBuilder, N2"/>

        <add expressionPrefix="StartPage" type="N2.Web.Compilation.StartPageExpressionBuilder, N2"/>

        <add expressionPrefix="HasValue" type="N2.Web.Compilation.HasValueExpressionBuilder, N2"/>



Change the forms authentication section.

      <forms loginUrl="edit/login.aspx" protection="All" timeout="30000" path="/">



Add the n2 tag prefix to the pages controls section.

        <add tagPrefix="n2" assembly="N2" namespace="N2.Web.UI.WebControls"/>


Add the n2.ashx httpHandler

      <add path=".n2.ashx</span>" verb="</em>" type="N2.Web.AjaxRequestHandler, N2" /></p> </p></div>

Add a handler to the system.webServer handlers section.

      <add name="n2.ajax" path=".n2.ashx</span>" verb="</em>" type="N2.Web.AjaxRequestHandler, N2" /></p> </p></div>

The Start and Root Controller

Now we need to add a a ContentController class to the Controllers folder. And an AbstractPage and ContentPage to the Models folder. And a Content folder and DefaultView.aspx page the Views\Content folder. This will become the start and root nodes for the N2 CMS.


using N2;

using N2.Details;


namespace Red27.Site.Models


    [WithEditableTitle, WithEditableName]

    public class AbstractPage : ContentItem, INode


        public string PreviewUrl


            get { return Url; }






using N2;

using N2.Details;


namespace Red27.Site.Models


    [Definition("Content Page", Installer = N2.Installation.InstallerHint.PreferredStartPage)]

    public class ContentPage : AbstractPage


        [EditableFreeTextArea("Text", 100)]

        public virtual string Text


            get { return (string)(GetDetail("Text") ?? string.Empty); }

            set { SetDetail("Text", value, string.Empty); }



        public override string TemplateUrl


            get { return "/Views/Content/DefaultView.aspx"; }






using N2.Web;

using Red27.Site.Models;

using N2.Web.Mvc;


namespace Red27.Site.Controllers



    public class ContentController : ContentController<AbstractPage>






<%@ Page Title="" Language="C#" MasterPageFile="~/Views/Shared/Site.Master" AutoEventWireup="true"

    Inherits="ViewPage"</span> %> </p>


<%@ Import Namespace="Red27.Site.Models" %>

<asp:Content ID="Content1" ContentPlaceHolderID="MainContent" runat="server">


        <%= Model.Title %></h1>

    <%= Model.Text %>


</p> </div>

Initial DB Setup

Copy the Edit directory from Example_Mvc\Mvc\wwwroot to the root of your web project. This is the code that handles setup and content management and shouldn’t need to be modified. Add a new mdf database in the app_data directory or point the connection string to some other DB.

Now the site can be compiled and run. This should bring up the /edit/install page to create the db tables and insert the root node value. You may need to stop the development server and restart it to see your ContentPage in the root and start node drop downs. Once this is done you should be able to edit the content of your Start Page!

What’s Next?

A few more details need to be handled, like authentication, some N2 setup on the Site.Master page, and some clean up of unused pages from the MVC project setup.


Unit Testing NServiceBus Send Methods

Here’s a static method for helping test the Send calls when using NService Bus. It depends on RhinoMocks.

public static class BusExpectationExtensions


    public static IBus ExpectSend(this IBus bus, IMessage firstMessage, IMessage returnMessage)


        var callback = MockRepository.GenerateStub<ICallback>();


        bus.Expect(b => b.Send(firstMessage)).IgnoreArguments().Return(callback);


        callback.Expect(c => c.Register(null, null)).IgnoreArguments()

            .Return(new BusAsyncResult(null, null))

            .WhenCalled(invocation =>


                var ar = new BusAsyncResult(invocation.Arguments[0] as AsyncCallback, invocation.Arguments[1]);

                ar.Complete(0, returnMessage);

                invocation.ReturnValue = ar;


        return bus;




To use it, create a stub of IBus, and then call ExpectSend with your send and return messages like;

var bus = MockRepository.GenerateStub<IBus>()

    .ExpectSend(new SendMessage(2, 22), new MessageReturned(2, 22, 3.00m))

    .ExpectSend(new SendMessage(4, 44), new MessageReturned(4, 44, 234.34m));


var filter = new SomeFilteringClass(bus);


… execute and assert


Brutalist Framework